Operative Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery.
Operative Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery
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Publication Date: 2010
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ISBN/ISSN: 9780781763707

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Operative Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery is the first major new comprehensive text and reference on surgical techniques in orthopaedics. Written by over 800 experts from leading institutions around the world, this superbly illustrated four-volume reference focuses on mastery of operative techniques and also provides a thorough understanding of how to select the best procedure, how to avoid complications, and what outcomes to expect.

The user-friendly format is ideal for quick preoperative review of the steps of a procedure. Each procedure is broken down step by step, with full-color intraoperative photographs and drawings that demonstrate how to perform each technique. Extensive use of bulleted points and tables allows quick and easy reference.

Each clinical problem is discussed in the same format: definition, anatomy, physical exams, pathogenesis, natural history, physical findings, imaging and diagnostic studies, differential diagnosis, non-operative management, surgical management, pearls and pitfalls, postoperative care, outcomes, and complications. The text is broken into the following sections: Adult Reconstruction; Foot and Ankle; Hand, Wrist, and Forearm; Oncology; Pediatrics; Pelvis and Lower Extremity Trauma; Shoulder and Elbow; Sports Medicine; and Spine. To ensure that the material fully meets residents' needs, the text was reviewed by a Residency Advisory Board.

The 4-volume set comes with a companion website featuring the fully searchable contents and an image bank.

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--The first major new comprehensive text and reference on surgical techniques in orthopaedics
--Written by over 800 experts from leading institutions around the world
--Over 12,500 illustrations--8,000 in full color
--Focuses on mastery of operative techniques
--User-friendly format, ideal for quick preoperative review of the steps of a procedure
--Each procedure is broken down step by step
--Full-color intraoperative photographs and drawings demonstrate how to perform each technique
--Extensive use of bulleted points and tables allows quick and easy reference
--Each clinical problem is discussed in the same format
-- definition
-- anatomy
-- physical exams
-- pathogenesis
-- natural history
-- physical findings
-- imaging and diagnostic studies
-- differential diagnosis
-- non-operative management
-- surgical management
-- pearls and pitfalls
-- postoperative care
-- outcomes
-- complications
--Text was reviewed by a Residency Advisory Board to ensure that the material fully meets residents' needs
Professor and Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC; Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC


Edition: NULL
ISBN/ISSN: 9780781763707Product Format: Hardbound
Trim Size: 8.5 x 11
Pages: 5336
Pub Date: 2010
Weight: 35.15

Volume One

 PART 1 SPORTS MEDICINE

 SECTION I SHOULDER

 1 Shoulder Arthroscopy: The Basics

Elizabeth Matzkin and Craig R. Bottoni 7

 2 Arthroscopic Treatment of Anterior Shoulder Instability

Robert A. Arciero, Augustus D. Mazzocca, and Jeffrey T. Spang 14

 3 Arthroscopic Treatment of Posterior Shoulder Instability

Fotios P. Tjoumakaris and James P. Bradley 24

 4 Arthroscopic Treatment of Multidirectional Shoulder Instability

Steven B. Cohen and Jon K. Sekiya 30

 5 Arthroscopic Treatment of Superior Labral (SLAP) Tears

Brian Cole and John-Paul Rue 38

 6 Management of Shoulder Throwing Injuries

Matthew T. Boes and Craig D. Morgan 44

 7 Arthroscopic Treatment of Biceps Tendonopathy

J. R. Rudzki and Benjamin S. Shaffer 57

 8 Arthroscopic Treatment of Subacromial Impingement

R. Timothy Greene and Spero G. Karas 68

 9 Acromioclavicular Disorders

R. Timothy Greene and Spero G. Karas 75

 10 Arthroscopic Treatment of Rotator Cuff Tears

Robert Z. Tashjian, Jay D. Keener, and Ken Yamaguchi 81

 11 Arthroscopic Treatment of Subscapularis Tears, Including Coracoid Impingement

Christopher R. Adams and Stephen S. Burkhart 91

 12 Repair and Reconstruction of Acromioclavicular Injuries

Amir Mostofi, Augustus D. Mazzocca, and Robert A. Arciero 102

 13 Arthroscopic Acromioclavicular Joint Reduction and Coracoclavicular Stabilization: TightRope Fixation

Michael S. Todd and Winston J. Warme 116

 14 Arthroscopic Release of Nerve Entrapment

Felix H. Savoie, III, and Larry D. Field 122

 15 Arthroscopic Capsular Releases for Loss of Motion

Ryan W. Simovitch, Laurence D. Higgins, and Jon J.P. Warner 125

 16 Arthroscopic Treatment of Scapulothoracic Disorders

Michael J. Huang and Peter J. Millett 134

 17 Arthroscopic Débridement and Glenoidplasty for Shoulder Degenerative Joint Disease

Christian J. H. Veillette and Scott P. Steinmann 138

 SECTION II ELBOW

 18 Elbow Arthroscopy: The Basics

John E. Conway 145

 19 Arthroscopic Treatment of Chondral Injuries and Osteochondritis Dissecans

Marc Safran 155

 20 Arthroscopic Treatment of Valgus Extension Overload

Sami O. Khan and Larry D. Field 166

 21 Arthroscopic Treatment of Elbow Loss of Motion

Matthew T. Provencher, Mark S. Cohen, and Anthony A. Romeo 171

 22 Arthroscopic Débridement for Elbow Degenerative Joint Disease

Julie E. Adams and Scott P. Steinmann 179

 23 Arthroscopic Treatment of Epicondylitis

Kevin P. Murphy, Jeffrey R. Giuliani, and Brett A. Freedman 184

 SECTION III HIP

 24 Hip Arthroscopy: The Basics

Marc Safran and Matthew A. Stanich 191

 25 Arthroscopy for Soft Tissue Pathology of the Hip

J. W. Thomas Byrd and MaCalus V. Hogan 203

 26 Arthroscopic Management of Femoroacetabular Impingement

Christopher M. Larson and Rebecca M. Stone 213

 27 Snapping Hip

J. W. Thomas Byrd and MaCalus V. Hogan 222

 28 Athletic Pubalgia

Jesse C. Botker, Robert F. LaPrade, and David R. Joesting 231

 29 Adductor Longus–Related Groin Pain

Robert T. Sullivan and William E. Garrett 238

 30 Proximal Hamstring Injury

Robert T. Sullivan and William E. Garrett 243

 SECTION IV KNEE

 31 Knee Arthroscopy: The Basics

Steven A. Aviles and Christina R. Allen 248

32 Arthroscopic Synovectomy

Anne E. Colton, Charles Bush-Joseph, and Jeffrey S. Earhart 256

33 Arthroscopic Meniscectomy

Frederick M. Azar 263

34 Meniscal Repair

Nicholas A. Sgaglione and Michael J. Angel 274

35 Meniscal Transplant

Roland S. Kent, Christopher A. Kurtz, and Kevin F. Bonner 284

36 Microfracture Chondroplasty

J. Richard Steadman and William G. Rodkey 295

37 Osteochondral Autograft “Plug” Transfer

F. Alan Barber and David A. Coons 303

38 Autogenous Cartilage Implantation

Sean M. Jones-Quaidoo and Eric W. Carson 312

39 Allograft Cartilage Transplantation

Eric C. McCarty, R. David Rabalais, and Kenneth G. Swan, Jr. 322

40 Osteochondritis Dissecans and Avascular Necrosis

Mark J. Billante and David R. Diduch 329

41 Single-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair

Mark D. Miller 341

42 Anatomic Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Steven B. Cohen and Freddie H. Fu 350

43 Revision Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair

David R. McAllister and David L. Feingold 357

44 Posterior Cruciate Ligament Repair

Craig S. Mauro, Anthony M. Buoncristiani, and Christopher D. Harner 365

45 Repair of Acute and Chronic Knee Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries

Christian Lattermann and Darren L. Johnson 375

46 Management of Posterolateral Corner Injuries

Richard J. Thomas and Mark D. Miller 381

47 Management of the Multiple Ligament–Injured Knee

Ralph W. Passarelli, Bradley B. Veazey, Daniel C. Wascher, Andrew J. Veitch, and Robert C. Schenck 392

48 Repair of Acute and Chronic Patella Tendon Tears

Thomas M. DeBerardino and Brett D. Owens 402

49 Repair of Acute and Chronic Quadriceps Tendon Ruptures

Krishna Mallik 407

50 Knee Loss of Motion

Gregory C. Fanelli, Justin D. Harris, Daniel J. Tomaszewski, and John A. Scanelli III 413

51 Arthroscopic Lateral Release of the Knee

Carl H. Wierks and Andrew J. Cosgarea 422

52 Proximal Realignment of the Medial Patellofemoral Ligament

Donald C. Fithian, Samuel S. Park, and Erik Stark 426

53 Tibial Tubercle Transfer

John P. Fulkerson 435

SECTION V LEG

54 Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome

Jocelyn R. Wittstein, L. Scott Levin, and Claude T. Moorman III 443

55 Common Peroneal and Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Injuries

Ivica Ducic and Jeffrey M. Jacobson 453

PART 2 PELVIS AND LOWER EXTREMITY TRAUMA

SECTION I PELVIS AND HIP

1 External Fixation of the Pelvis

Stephen Kottmeier, John C. P. Floyd, and Nicholas Divaris 462

2 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Symphysis

Michael S. H. Kain and Paul Tornetta III 476

3 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Sacroiliac Joint and Sacrum

Henry Claude Sagi 487

4 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Posterior Wall of the Acetabulum

Jodi Siegel and David C. Templeman 503

5 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Femoral Head Fractures

Darin Friess and Thomas Ellis 514

6 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation and Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Fixation of Femoral Neck Fractures

Brian Mullis and Jeff Anglen 521

SECTION II FEMUR AND KNEE

7 Cephalomedullary Nailing of the Proximal Femur

Thomas A. Russell 533

8 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Peritrochanteric Hip Fractures

Matthew E. Oetgen and Michael R. Baumgaertner 547

9 Retrograde Intramedullary Nailing of the Femur

Laura S. Phieffer and Ronald Lakatos 558

10 Anterograde Intramedullary Nailing of the Femur

Bruce H. Ziran, Natalie L. Talboo, and Navid M. Ziran 569

11 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Distal Femur

Animesh Agarwal 582

12 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Patella

J. Benjamin Smucker and John K. Sontich 604

13 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Bicondylar Plateau

Toby M. Risko and William M. Ricci 613

14 Lateral Tibial Plateau Fractures

Philipp Kobbe and Hans Christoph Pape 622

SECTION III LEG

15 External Fixation of the Tibia

J. Tracy Watson 629

16 Intramedullary Nailing of the Tibia

Mark A. Lee and Brett D. Crist 642

17 Fasciotomy of the Leg for Acute Compartment Syndrome

George Partal, Andrew Furey, and Robert O’Toole 660

SECTION IV FOOT AND ANKLE

18 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Pilon

Cory A. Collinge and Michael Prayson 671

19 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Ankle

Kenneth A. Egol 687

20 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Talus

David E. Karges 697

21 Surgical Treatment of Calcaneal Fractures

James B. Carr 712

22 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Lisfranc Injury

Michael P. Clare and Roy W. Sanders 724

23 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Jones Fracture

William R. Creevy and Seth P. Levitz 734

PART 3 ADULT RECONSTRUCTION

SECTION I HIP RECONSTRUCTION

1 Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty

Matthew S. Hepinstall and José A. Rodriguez 744

2 Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty

Matthew S. Austin and Brian A. Klatt 756

3 Hip Resurfacing

Kang-Il Kim and Ameet Pispati 763

4 Hemiarthroplasty of the Hip

Hari P. Bezwada, Robert H. Cho, and David G. Nazarian 782

5 Total Hip Arthroplasty for Malignant Lesions

R. Lor Randall 798

6 Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty With Well-Fixed Components

Trevor R. Pickering and Michael E. Berend 808

7 Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty With Femoral Bone Loss: Fluted Stems

Christian P. Christensen and Cale A. Jacobs 815

8 Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty With Femoral Bone Loss: Proximal Femoral Replacement

Javad Parvizi, Benjamin Bender, and Franklin H. Sim 823

9 Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty With Acetabular Bone Loss: Impaction Allografting

Gregg R. Klein, Harlan B. Levine, and Mark A. Hartzband 831

10 Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty With Acetabular Bone Loss: Antiprotrusio Cage

Matthew S. Austin, James J. Purtill, and Brian A. Klatt 836

11 Resection Arthroplasty and Spacer Insertion

Mark J. Spangehl and Christopher P. Beauchamp 843

12 Hip Reimplantation Surgery

Nelson V. Greidanus, Winston Y. Kim, and Bassam A. Masri 853

SECTION II HIP PRESERVATION

13 Periacetabular Osteotomy

Marco Teloken, David Gusmao, and Marcus Crestani 859

14 Femoral Osteotomy

Philipp Henle, Moritz Tannast, and Klaus A. Siebenrock 869

15 Femoroacetabular Impingement and Surgical Dislocation of the Hip

Martin Beck and Michael Leunig 877

16 Treatment of Anterior Femoroacetabular Impingement Through an Anterior Incision

John C. Clohisy 887

SECTION III KNEE RECONSTRUCTION

17 Unicondylar Knee Arthroplasty

Keith R. Berend, Jeffrey W. Salin, and Adolph V. Lombardi Jr. 895

18 Upper Tibial Osteotomy

James Bicos and Robert A. Arciero 905

19 Cemented Total Knee Arthroplasty

S. Mehdi Jafari and Javad Parvizi 918

20 Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Navigation

William J. Hozack, S. M. Javad Mortazavi, and Camilo Restrepo 933

21 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Femoral Bone Loss: Metal Augments

Gwo-Chin Lee 942

 22 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Tibial Bone Loss: Metal Augments

Shawn M. Brubaker, William Mihalko, Thomas E. Brown, and Khaled J. Saleh 949

 23 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Femoral Bone Loss: Distal Femoral Replacement

B. Sonny Bal 962

 24 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Tibial Bone Loss: Bone Grafting

Brian Vannozzi, Gwo-Chin Lee, and Jonathan Garino 969

 25 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Removal of Well-fixed Components

Matthew S. Austin and S. Mehdi Jafari 975

 26 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Extensile Exposure: Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy

Anish K. Amin and James T. Patton 980

 27 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Extensile Exposure: V-Y Quadroplasty

Ali Oliashirazi 986

 28 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty With Extensor Mechanism Repair

Fabio Orozco and Alvin Ong 989

 29 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty to Correct Stiffness

Craig J. Della Valle 994

 30 Knee Arthrodesis

Janet D. Conway 1004

 Volume Two

 PART 4 PEDIATRICS

 SECTION I TRAUMA

 1 Intramedullary Fixation of Forearm Shaft Fractures

Charles T. Mehlman 1026

 2 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Displaced Lateral Condyle Fractures of the Humerus

Kristan A. Pierz and Brian G. Smith 1035

 3 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Fractures of the Medial Epicondyle

Brian G. Smith and Kristan A. Pierz 1042

 4 Open Reduction of Supracondylar Fractures of the Humerus

Jennifer J. Winell and John M. Flynn 1046

 5 Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Pinning of Supracondylar Fractures of the Humerus

Paul D. Choi and David L. Skaggs 1050

 6 Closed, Percutaneous, and Open Reduction of Radial Head and Neck Fractures

Jenny M. Frances and Roger Cornwall 1058

 7 Percutaneous Joystick and Intramedullary Reduction (Metaizeau) Techniques for Radial Neck Fractures

Unni G. Narayanan and Fabio Ferri-De-Barros 1066

 8 Supracondylar Humeral Osteotomy for Correction of Cubitus Varus

Yi-Meng Yen, Richard E. Bowen, and Norman Y. Otsuka 1075

 9 Pediatric Shoulder Fractures

Craig P. Eberson 1080

 10 Pediatric Hip Fractures

R. Dale Blasier 1088

 11 Closed Reduction and Spica Casting of Femur Fractures

Matthew R. Garner and John M. Flynn 1095

 12 Closed Reduction and External Fixation of Femoral Shaft Fractures

Stuart M. Myers and John M. Flynn 1099

 13 Flexible Intramedullary Nailing of Femoral Shaft Fractures

Gilbert Chan and John M. Flynn 1106

 14 Submuscular Plating of Femoral Shaft Fractures

Ernest L. Sink 1111

 15 Distal Femoral Physeal Fractures

R. Dale Blasier 1116

 16 Pediatric Tibial Fractures

Craig P. Eberson 1122

 17 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Tibial Tuberosity Fractures

Ernest L. Sink 1130

 18 Operative Management of Pediatric Ankle Fractures

Bryan T. Leek and Scott J. Mubarak 1134

 SECTION II ARTHROSCOPIC AND SPORTS MEDICINE

 19 Elbow Arthroscopy for Panner’s Disease and Osteochondritis Dissecans

Theodore J. Ganley, Gilbert Chan, Aaron B. Heath, and J. Todd R. Lawrence 1144

 20 Patellar Instability

Eric J. Wall and James R. Romanowski 1149

 21 Proximal Patellar Realignment

Jay C. Albright 1156

 22 Arthroscopy-Assisted Management or Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Tibial Spine Fractures

Gilbert Chan and Lawrence Wells 1161

 23 Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Skeletally Immature Patient

J. Todd R. Lawrence and Mininder S. Kocher 1168

 24 Arthroscopic Drilling of Osteochondritis Dissecans

Theodore J. Ganley, Gilbert Chan, and Aaron B. Heath 1177

 25 Meniscoplasty for Discoid Lateral Meniscus

Jay C. Albright 1183

 SECTION III RECONSTRUCTION

 26 Proximal Femoral Rotational Osteotomy

Unni G. Narayanan 1187

 27 Proximal Femoral Varus Osteotomy Using a 90-Degree Blade Plate

Tom F. Novacheck 1196

 28 Treatment of Congenital Femoral Deficiency

Dror Paley and Shawn C. Standard 1202

 29 Surgical Repair of Irreducible Congenital Dislocation of the Knee

Matthew B. Dobbs, Noppachart Limpaphayom, and J. Eric Gordon 1224

 30 Surgical Management of Blount’s Disease

Eric D. Shirley and Richard S. Davidson 1230

 31 Percutaneous Distal Femoral or Proximal Tibial Epiphysiodesis

J. Richard Bowen 1238

 32 Excision of Physeal Bar

Anthony A. Stans 1244

 33 Repair of Congenital Pseudarthrosis of the Tibia With the Williams Rod

Perry L. Schoenecker and Margaret M. Rich 1251

 34 Limb Lengthening Using the Ilizarov Method or a Monoplanar Fixator

Roger F. Widmann, Purushottam A. Gholve, and Arkady Blyakher 1258

 35 Guided Growth to Correct Limb Deformity

Peter M. Stevens 1270

 36 Distal Tibial Osteotomy

Kathryn A. Keeler and J. Eric Gordon 1276

 37 Multiple Percutaneous Osteotomies and Fassier-Duval Telescoping Nailing of Long Bones in Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Paul W. Esposito 1284

 38 Syme and Boyd Amputations for Fibular Deficiency

Anthony A. Scaduto and Robert M. Bernstein 1295

 39 Hemi-Epiphysiodesis for Ankle Valgus

Peter M. Stevens 1304

 SECTION IV NEUROMUSCULAR CORRECTION

 40 Adductor and Iliopsoas Release

Tom F. Novacheck 1310

 41 Rectus Femoris Transfer

Jon R. Davids 1316

 42 Proximal Hamstring and Adductor Lengthening

Freeman Miller and Kirk W. Dabney 1322

 43 Distal Hamstring Lengthening

Jon R. Davids 1326

 44 Gastrocnemius Fascia Lengthening

James J. McCarthy and David A. Spiegel 1334

 45 Distal Femoral Osteotomy for Crouch Gait

Tom F. Novacheck 1339

 SECTION V CYSTS

 46 Benign Bone Cysts

Alexandre Arkader and John P. Dormans 1345

 SECTION VI UPPER EXTREMITY

 47 Release of Simple Syndactyly

Donald S. Bae 1351

 48 Correction of Thumb-in-Palm Deformity in Cerebral Palsy

Thanapong Waitayawinyu and Scott N. Oishi 1358

 49 Release of the A1 Pulley to Correct Congenital Trigger Thumb

Roger Cornwall 1366

 50 Transfer of Flexor Carpi Ulnaris for Wrist Flexion Deformity

Ann E. Van Heest 1371

 51 Radial Dysplasia Reconstruction

Scott N. Oishi and Marybeth Ezaki 1376

 52 Forearm Osteotomy for Multiple Hereditary Exostoses

Carla Baldrighi and Scott N. Oishi 1380

 53 Modified Woodward Repair of Sprengel Deformity

J. Richard Bowen 1387

 SECTION VII SPINE

 54 Release of the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle

Gokce Mik and Denis S. Drummond 1392

 55 Posterior Cervical Arthrodeses: Occiput–C2 and C1–C2

John P. Dormans, Gokce Mik, and Purushottam A. Gholve 1399

 56 Posterior Exposure of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

James T. Guille and Reginald S. Fayssoux 1408

 57 Segmental Hook and Pedicle Screw Instrumentation for Scoliosis

James T. Guille and Reginald S. Fayssoux 1414

 58 Kyphectomy in Spina Bifida

Richard E. McCarthy 1424

 59 Anterior Interbody Arthrodesis With Instrumentation for Scoliosis

Daniel J. Sucato 1431

 60 Thoracoscopic Release and Fusion for Scoliosis

Daniel J. Sucato 1442

 61 Unit Rod Instrumentation for Neuromuscular Scoliosis

Kirk W. Dabney and Freeman Miller 1448

 62 Growing Rod Instrumentation for Early-Onset Scoliosis

Victor Hsu and Behrooz Akbarnia 1458

 63 Hemivertebra Excision

Daniel J. Hedequist and John B. Emans 1466

 64 Posterolateral Arthrodesis for Spondylolisthesis

James T. Guille and Reginald S. Fayssoux 1474

 65 Decompression, Posterolateral, and Interbody Fusion for High-Grade Spondylolisthesis

Gilbert Chan and John P. Dormans 1480

 66 S-Rod Fixation to the Pelvis

Richard E. McCarthy 1489

 SECTION VIII HIP

 67 Anterior Approach for Open Reduction of the Developmentally Dislocated Hip

Richard M. Schwend 1493

 68 Medial Approach for Open Reduction of a Developmentally Dislocated Hip

Lori A. Karol and Jeffrey E. Martus 1502

 69 Anterior Drainage of the Septic Hip in Children

Richard M. Schwend 1508

 70 Innominate Osteotomy of Salter

Richard E. Bowen and Norman Y. Otsuka 1517

 71 Pericapsular Osteotomies of Pemberton and Dega

Tim Schrader and J. Anthony Gonzales, Jr. 1523

 72 Labral Support (Shelf) Procedure for Perthes Disease

J. Richard Bowen 1532

 73 Triple Innominate Osteotomy

Dennis R. Wenger and Maya E. Pring 1540

 74 Chiari Medial Displacement Osteotomy of the Pelvis

Travis H. Matheney and Brian Snyder 1552

 75 Bernese Periacetabular Osteotomy

Travis H. Matheney and Michael B. Millis 1559

 76 Surgical Dislocation of the Hip

John Frino and Young-Jo Kim 1569

 77 Valgus Osteotomy for Developmental Coxa Vara

Michael B. Millis and Joshua A. Strassberg 1577

 78 Valgus Osteotomy for Perthes Disease

Ellen M. Raney 1583

79 Percutaneous In Situ Cannulated Screw Fixation of the Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Richard S. Davidson and Michelle S. Caird 1589

 80 Flexion Intertrochanteric Osteotomy for Severe Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Young-Jo Kim and John Frino 1595

 SECTION IX FOOT AND ANKLE

 81 Triple Arthrodesis

Om Prasad Shrestha, David A. Spiegel, and James J. McCarthy 1600

 82 Calcaneal Lengthening Osteotomy for the Treatment of Hindfoot Valgus Deformity

Vincent S. Mosca 1608

 83 Open Lengthening of the Achilles Tendon

Anna V. Cuomo, Norman Y. Otsuka, and Richard E. Bowen 1619

 84 Split Posterior Tibial Tendon Transfer

David A. Spiegel, Om Prasad Shrestha, and James J. McCarthy 1626

 85 Surgical Correction of Juvenile Bunion

B. David Horn 1633

 86 Butler Procedure for Overlapping Fifth Toe

B. David Horn 1637

 87 Surgical Treatment of Cavus Foot

Richard M. Schwend and Brad Olney 1639

 88 Resection of Calcaneonavicular Coalition

David Scher 1650

 89 Excision of Talocalcaneal Coalition

David Scher 1655

 90 Ponseti Casting

Blaise Nemeth and Kenneth Noonan 1661

 91 Posteromedial and Posterolateral Release for the Treatment of Resistant Clubfoot

Richard S. Davidson 1674

 92 Anterior Tibialis Transfer for Residual Clubfoot Deformity

Karen S. Myung and Kenneth Noonan 1682

 PART 5 ONCOLOGY

 SECTION I SURGICAL MANAGEMENT

 1 Overview of Musculoskeletal Tumors and Preoperative Evaluation

Martin M. Malawer and Amir Sternheim 1695

 2 Biopsy of Musculoskeletal Tumors

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1719

 3 Overview of Endoprosthetic Reconstruction

Martin M. Malawer, Robert M. Henshaw, and Kristen Kellar-Graney 1728

 4 Expandable Prostheses

Lee Jeys, Adesegun Abudu, and Robert Grimer 1740

 5 Surgical Management of Metastatic Bone Disease: General Considerations

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1749

 6 Cryosurgical Ablation of Bone Tumors

Jacob Bickels, Isaac Meller, Yehuda Kollender, and Martin M. Malawer 1757

 SECTION II SHOULDER GIRDLE AND UPPER EXTREMITIES

 7 Overview of Resections Around the Shoulder Girdle

James C. Wittig, Martin M. Malawer, and Kristen Kellar-Graney 1766

 8 Total Scapular Resections With Endoprosthetic Reconstruction

Martin M. Malawer, Kristen Kellar-Graney, and James C. Wittig 1776

 9 Proximal Humeral Resection With Allograft Prosthetic Composite

Steven Gitelis, Gregory P. Nicholson, Walter W. Virkus, Martin M. Malawer, and Benjamin J. Miller 1786

 10 Proximal Humerus Resection With Endoprosthetic Replacement: Intra-articular and Extra-articular Resections

Martin M. Malawer, James C. Wittig, and Kristen Kellar-Graney 1793

 11 Distal Humeral Resection With Prosthetic Reconstruction

James C. Wittig and Martin M. Malawer 1807

 12 Surgical Management of Metastatic Bone Disease: Humeral Lesions

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1816

 13 Axillary Space Exploration and Resections

James C. Wittig, Martin M. Malawer, Kristen Kellar-Graney, and Robert M. Henshaw 1825

 14 Forequarter Amputation

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1833

 15 Above-Elbow and Below-Elbow Amputations

Jacob Bickels, Yehuda Kollender, and Martin M. Malawer 1842

 SECTION III SPINE AND PELVIS

 16 Primary and Metastatic Tumors of the Spine: Total En Bloc Spondylectomy

Katsuro Tomita, Norio Kawahara, and Hideki Murakami 1846

 17 Overview on Pelvic Resections: Surgical Considerations and Classifications

Ernest U. Conrad III, Jason Weisstein, Jennifer Lisle, Amir Sternheim, and Martin M. Malawer 1855

 18 Surgical Technique for Resection and Reconstruction of Supra-acetabular Metastatic Lesions

Martin M. Malawer and Amir Sternheim 1873

 19 Buttockectomy

James C. Wittig and Martin M. Malawer 1876

 20 Surgical Management of Metastatic Bone Disease: Pelvic Lesions

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1879

 21 Posterior Flap Hemipelvectomy

Martin M. Malawer and James C. Wittig 1891

 22 Anterior Flap Hemipelvectomy

Martin M. Malawer and James C. Wittig 1902

 23 Hip Disarticulation

Daria Brooks Terrell 1911

 SECTION IV LOWER EXTREMITIES

 24 Proximal and Total Femur Resection With Endoprosthetic Reconstruction

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1917

 25 Distal Femoral Resections With Endoprosthetic Replacement

Jeffrey J. Eckardt, Martin M. Malawer, Jacob Bickels, and Piya Klatisevi 1929

 26 Proximal Tibia Resection With Endoprosthetic Reconstruction

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1953

 27 Fibular Resections

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 1964

 28 The Use of Free Vascularized Fibular Grafts for Reconstruction of Segmental Bone Defects

Eyal Gur, Yehuda Kollender, Isaac Meller, Aharon Amir, Arik Zaretski, and Jacob Bickels 1974

 29 Use of Allografts and Segmental Prostheses for Reconstruction of Segmental Bone Defects

Walter W. Virkus, Robert M. Henshaw, Benjamin J. Miller, and Steven Gitelis 1982

 30 Quadriceps Resections

Jacob Bickels, Tamir Pritsch, and Martin M. Malawer 1991

 31 Adductor Muscle Group (Medial Thigh) Resection

Jacob Bickels, Martin M. Malawer, and Yehuda Wolf 2000

 32 Hamstrings Muscle Group (Posterior Thigh) Resection

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 2005

 33 Overview of Surgical Resection of Space Sarcomas

Amir Sternheim, Tamir Pritsch, and Martin M. Malawer 2011

 34 Popliteal Resections

Jacob Bickels and Tamir Pritsch 2018

 35 Soleus Resection

Tamir Pritsch, Amir Sternheim, Jacob Bickels, and Martin M. Malawer 2023

 36 Surgical Approach and Management of Tumors of the Sartorial Canal

Martin M. Malawer and Amir Sternheim 2028

 37 Surgical Management of Metastatic Bone Disease: Femoral Lesions

Jacob Bickels and Martin M. Malawer 2034

 38 Foot and Ankle Amputations: Ray Resections

Loretta B. Chou, H. Thomas Temple, Yvette Ho, and Martin M. Malawer 2047

 39 Creating an Above-Knee Amputation Stump After Hip Disarticulation

Amir Sternheim, Daria Brooks Terrell, and Martin M. Malawer 2053

 40 Above-Knee Amputation

Daria Brooks Terrell 2060

 41 Below-Knee Amputation

Daria Brooks Terrell 2067

 42 Foot and Ankle Amputations: Lisfranc/Chopart

Loretta B. Chou, H. Thomas Temple, Yvette Ho, and Martin M. Malawer 2072

 Volume Three

 PART 6 HAND, WRIST, AND FOREARM

 SECTION I ANATOMY, APPROACHES, AND ANESTHESIA

 1 Anatomy and Surgical Approaches of the Forearm, Wrist, and Hand

Asif M. Ilyas, Neal C. Chen, and Chaitanya S. Mudgal 2093

 2 Anesthetic Considerations for Surgery of the Upper Extremity

John A. Dilger and Hugh M. Smith 2102

 3 Arthroscopy of the Hand and Wrist

David J. Slutsky 2114

 SECTION II RADIUS AND ULNA FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

 4 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Diaphyseal Forearm Fractures

Michael R. Boland 2127

 5 Reduction and Stabilization of the Distal Radioulnar Joint Following Galeazzi Fractures

Michael R. Boland 2139

 6 Corrective Osteotomy for Radius and Ulna Diaphyseal Malunions

Vimala Ramachandran and Thomas F. Varecka 2149

 7 Operative Treatment of Radius and Ulna Diaphyseal Nonunions

Rena L. Stewart 2156

 8 K-Wire Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures With and Without External Fixation

Christopher Doumas and David J. Bozentka 2162

 9 Arthroscopic Reduction and Fixation of Distal Radius and Ulnar Styloid Fractures

William B. Geissler 2172

 10 Fragment-Specific Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures

Robert J. Medoff 2183

 11 Intramedullary and Dorsal Plate Fixation of Distal Radius Fractures

Pedro K. Beredjiklian and Christopher Doumas 2198

 12 Volar Plating of Distal Radius Fractures

John J. Fernandez 2206

 13 Bridge Plating of Distal Radius Fractures

Paul A. Martineau, Kevin J. Malone, and Douglas P. Hanel 2218

 14 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Ulnar Styloid, Head, and Metadiaphyseal Fractures

Tommy Lindau and Andrew J. Logan 2224

 15 Corrective Osteotomy for Distal Radius Malunion

David Ring, Diego Fernandez, and Jesse B. Jupiter 2234

 SECTION III CARPAL FRACTURES AND AVASCULAR NECROSIS

 16 Percutaneous Fixation of Acute Scaphoid Fractures

Peter J. L. Jebson, Jane S. Tan, and Andrew Wong 2244

 17 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Scaphoid Fractures

Asheesh Bedi and Peter J. L. Jebson 2251

 18 Percutaneous Treatment of Grade I to III Scaphoid Nonunions

Joseph F. Slade III and Greg Merrell 2259

 19 Volar Wedge Bone Grafting and Internal Fixation of Scaphoid Nonunions

Evan D. Collins 2266

 20 Vascularized Bone Grafting of Avascular Scaphoid Nonunions

Alexander D. Mih 2273

 21 Partial Scaphoid Excision of Scaphoid Nonunions

Joseph E. Imbriglia and Justin M. Sacks 2277

 22 Surgical Treatment of Carpal Bone Fractures, Excluding the Scaphoid

Kenneth R. Means, Jr. and Thomas J. Graham 2284

 23 Osteotomy of the Radius for Treatment of Kienböck Disease

Jeffrey E. Budoff 2295

 24 Vascularized Bone Grafting and Capitate Shortening Osteotomy for Treatment of Kienböck Disease

Nilesh M. Chaudhari, Mohamed Khalid, and Thomas R. Hunt III 2305

 SECTION IV HAND FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

 25 Ligament Stabilization of the Unstable Thumb Carpometacarpal Joint

Richard Y. Kim and Robert J. Strauch 2313

 26 Operative Treatment of Thumb Carpometacarpal Joint Fractures

John T. Capo and Colin Harris 2320

 27 Dislocations and Chronic Volar Instability of the Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint

Robert R. Slater, Jr. 2331

 28 Arthroscopic and Open Primary Repair of Acute Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint Radial and Ulnar Collateral Ligament Disruptions

Alejandro Badia and Prakash Khanchandani 2342

 29 Reconstruction of Chronic Radial and Ulnar Instability of the Thumb Metacarpophalangeal Joint

Steven Z. Glickel and Louis W. Catalano III 2349

 30 Operative Treatment of Finger Carpometacarpal Joint Fracture-Dislocations

John J. Walsh IV 2358

 31 Operative Treatment of Metacarpal Fractures

Christopher L. Forthman and Thomas J. Graham 2365

 32 Operative Treatment of Extra-articular Phalangeal Fractures

Timothy W. Harman, Thomas J. Graham, and Richard L. Uhl 2378

 33 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Phalangeal Condylar Fractures

Greg Merrell, Kerry Bemers, and Arnold-Peter Weiss 2392

 34 Dorsal Block Pinning of Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Fracture-Dislocations

Mark Goleski and Jeffrey Lawton 2404

 35 Dynamic External Fixation of Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Fracture-Dislocations

Grey Giddins 2410

 36 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Fracture-Dislocations

Brian Najarian and Jeffrey Lawton 2420

 37 Volar Plate Arthroplasty

Albert Leung and Philip E. Blazar 2431

 38 Hemi-Hamate Autograft Reconstruction of Unstable Dorsal Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Fracture-Dislocations

Thomas R. Kiefhaber, Rafael M. M. Williams, and Soma I. Lilly 2436

 39 Operative Treatment of Distal Interphalangeal Joint Fracture-Dislocations

Leo T. Kroonen and Eric P. Hofmeister 2445

 40 Corrective Osteotomy for Metacarpal and Phalangeal Malunion

Mohamed Khalid, Nilesh M. Chaudhari, and Thomas R. Hunt III 2452

 SECTION V WRIST INSTABILITIES

 41 Arthroscopic Evaluation and Treatment of Scapholunate and Lunotriquetral Ligament Disruptions

Alexander H. Payatakes, Alex M. Meyers, and Dean G. Sotereanos 2459

 42 Open Scapholunate Ligament Repair and Augmentation

Alex M. Meyers, Alexander H. Payatakes, and Dean G. Sotereanos 2467

 43 Capsulodesis for Treatment of Scapholunate Instability

Angel Ferreres, Marc García-Elías, and Andrew Chin 2472

 44 Tenodesis for Treatment of Scapholunate Instability

Marc García-Elías and Angel Ferreres 2480

 45 Bone–Ligament–Bone Reconstruction of the Scapholunate Ligament

Anthony M. DeLuise, Jr. and Randall W. Culp 2488

 46 Reduction and Association of the Scaphoid and the Lunate for Scapholunate Instability

Richard Y. Kim and Melvin P. Rosenwasser 2495

 47 Lunotriquetral Ligament Repair and Augmentation

Samuel C. Hoxie and Alexander Y. Shin 2501

 48 Operative Treatment of Lesser and Greater Arc Injuries

Leonard L. D’Addesi, Joseph J. Thoder, and Kristofer S. Matullo 2513

 49 Arthroscopic and Open Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Repair

A. Lee Osterman 2520

 50 Intra-articular Radioulnar Ligament Reconstruction

Brian D. Adams and Christina M. Ward 2528

 51 Extra-articular Reconstructive Techniques for the Distal Radioulnar and Ulnocarpal Joints

Christopher J. Dy, E. Anne Ouellette, and Anna-Lena Makowski 2535

 52 Arthroscopic Dorsal Radiocarpal Ligament Repair

David J. Slutsky 2544

 SECTION VI TENDON INJURIES AND DISORDERS

 53 Distal Biceps Tendon Disruptions: Acute and Delayed Reconstruction

Robert E. Ivy and Edwin E. Spencer, Jr. 2550

 54 Repair of Acute Digital Flexor Tendon Disruptions

Christopher H. Allan 2555

 55 Tenolysis Following Injury and Repair of Digital Flexor Tendons

Shai Luria and Christopher H. Allan 2561

 56 Staged Digital Flexor Tendon Reconstruction

Kevin J. Malone and Thomas Trumble 2570

 57 Repair Following Traumatic Extensor Tendon Disruption in the Hand, Wrist, and Forearm

David B. Shapiro and Mark A. Krahe 2577

 58 Tendon Transfer and Grafting for Traumatic Extensor Tendon Disruption

John S. Taras and Daniel J. Lee 2587

 59 Extensor Tendon Centralization Following Traumatic Subluxation at the Metacarpophalangeal Joint

Ross J. Richer, Craig S. Phillips, and Leon S. Benson 2594

 60 Flexor and Extensor Tenosynovectomy

Jay T. Bridgeman and Sanjiv Naidu 2603

 61 Tendon Transfers Used for Treatment of Rheumatoid Disorders

John D. Lubahn and D. Patrick Williams 2608

 62 Operative Reconstruction of Boutonnière and Swan-Neck Deformities

Mark Wilczynski, Martin I. Boyer, and Fraser J. Leversedge 2619

 63 Open Treatment of Medial Epicondylitis

Joseph E. Robison and Peter J. Evans 2634

 64 Open and Arthroscopic Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis

Peter J. Evans 2638

 65 Surgical Treatment for Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Subluxation

David H. MacDonald and Thomas R. Hunt III 2643

 66 A1 Pulley Release for Trigger Finger With and Without Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Ulnar Slip Excision

Alexander M. Marcus 2650

 SECTION VII NERVE COMPRESSION AND INJURY

 67 Carpal Tunnel Release: Endoscopic, Open, and Revision

Edward Diao 2657

 68 Decompression of Pronator and Anterior Interosseous Syndromes

E. Bruce Toby and Kyle P. Ritter 2666

 69 Decompression of the Ulnar Nerve at Guyon’s Canal

Harris Gellman and Patrick Owens 2671

 70 Surgical Treatment of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Catherine M. Curtin and Amy L. Ladd 2677

 71 Radial Nerve Decompression

Mark N. Awantang, Joseph M. Sherrill, Christopher J. Thomson, and Thomas R. Hunt III 2685

 72 Primary Repair and Nerve Grafting Following Complete Nerve Transection in the Hand, Wrist, and Forearm

Randy R. Bindra and Jeff W. Johnson 2691

 73 Surgical Treatment of Nerve Injuries in Continuity

Randy R. Bindra and Jeff W. Johnson 2699

 74 Tendon Transfers for Median Nerve Palsy

Jeffrey B. Friedrich and Scott H. Kozin 2706

 75 Tendon Transfers for Ulnar Nerve Palsy

Michael S. Bednar 2715

 76 Tendon Transfers for Radial Nerve Palsy

Harry A. Hoyen 2722

 SECTION VIII ARTHRITIS

 77 Metacarpophalangeal Joint Synovectomy and Extensor Tendon Centralization in the Inflammatory Arthritis Patient

Andrew L. Terrono, Paul Feldon, and Hervey L. Kimball III 2729

 78 Proximal Interphalangeal and Metacarpophalangeal Joint Silicone Implant Arthroplasty

Charles A. Goldfarb 2736

 79 Proximal Interphalangeal and Metacarpophalangeal Joint Surface Replacement Arthroplasty

Peter M. Murray and Christopher R. Goll 2744

 80 Distal Interphalangeal, Proximal Interphalangeal, and Metacarpophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis

Charles Cassidy and Jennifer Green 2752

 81 Thumb Metacarpal Extension Osteotomy

Matthew M. Tomaino 2766

 82 Thumb Carpometacarpal Joint Arthrodesis

Warren C. Hammert and Matthew M. Tomaino 2770

 83 Thumb Carpometacarpal Joint Resection Arthroplasty

Matthew M. Tomaino 2776

 84 Thumb Carpometacarpal Joint Implant and Resurfacing Arthroplasty

Matthew J. Robon and Matthew M. Tomaino 2784

 85 Wrist Denervation

Carlos Heras-Palou 2791

 86 Open and Arthroscopic Radial Styloidectomy

Bruce A. Monaghan 2795

 87 Proximal Row Carpectomy

Alex M. Meyers, Mark E. Baratz, and Thomas Hughes 2802

 88 Limited Wrist Arthrodesis

Andrew W. Cross and Mark E. Baratz 2808

 89 Complete Wrist Arthrodesis

John C. Elfar and Andrew D. Markiewitz 2817

 90 Wrist Implant Arthroplasty

Joel C. Klena, Andrew K. Palmer, and James W. Strickland 2822

 91 Resection Arthroplasty of the Distal Radioulnar Joint

Jeffrey A. Greenberg 2831

 92 Sauvé-Kapandji Procedure for Distal Radioulnar Joint Arthritis

Robert M. Szabo 2840

 93 Ulnar Head Implant Arthroplasty

Cari Cordell and Randy R. Bindra 2849

 94 Arthroscopically Assisted Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Débridement and Ulnar Shortening

Daniel J. Nagle 2857

 95 Ulnar Shortening Osteotomy

Lance G. Warhold and Nelson L. Jenkins 2864

 SECTION IX VASCULAR DISORDERS, COMPARTMENT SYNDROME, AND INFECTION

 96 Surgical Decompression of the Forearm, Hand, and Digits for Compartment Syndrome

Marci D. Jones, Rodrigo Santamarina, and Lance G. Warhold 2875

 97 Surgical Treatment of Injection Injuries in the Hand

Rimma Finkel, Emese Kalnoki-Kis, and Morton Kasdan 2882

 98 Revascularization and Replantation of the Digits

Marc Richard, R. Gordon Lewis, Jr., and L. Scott Levin 2888

 99 Surgical Treatment of Vasospastic and Vaso-occlusive Diseases of the Hand

Scott L. Hansen, Neil F. Jones, and Charles K. Lee 2900

 100 Surgical Treatment of Acute and Chronic Paronychia and Felons

Eric Stuffmann and Jeffrey Yao 2906

 101 Surgical Treatment of Deep Space Infections of the Hand

Eric Stuffmann and Jeffrey Yao 2912

 102 Surgical Treatment of Septic Arthritis in the Hand and Wrist

Asif M. Ilyas 2917

 SECTION X SOFT TISSUE LOSS, THERMAL INJURIES, AND CONTRACTURES

 103 Nail Matrix Repair, Reconstruction, and Ablation

Reuben A. Bueno, Jr. and Elvin G. Zook 2924

 104 Soft Tissue Coverage of Fingertip Amputations

Christian Ford and Jeffrey Yao 2932

 105 Skin Grafts and Skin Graft Substitutes in the Distal Upper Extremity

James N. Long, Jorge de la Torre, and Luis O. Vasconez 2941

 106 Rotational and Pedicle Flaps for Coverage of Distal Upper Extremity Injuries

R. Gordon Lewis, Jr., Marc Richard, and L. Scott Levin 2950

 107 Surgical Treatment of Thermal and Electrical Injury and Contracture Involving the Distal Upper Extremity

Edwin Y. Chang and Kevin C. Chung 2961

 108 Release of Posttraumatic Metacarpophalangeal and Proximal Interphalangeal Joint Contractures

Christopher L. Forthman and Keith A. Segalman 2972

 109 Surgical Treatment of Dupuytren’s Disease

Ghazi Rayan 2983

 SECTION XI TUMORS

 110 Surgical Treatment of Vascular Tumors of the Hand

Rimma Finkel and Morton Kasdan 2992

 111 Excision and Coverage of Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma of the Hand

Mark F. Hendrickson and Benjamin J. Boudreaux 3004

 112 Open and Arthroscopic Excision of Ganglion Cysts and Related Tumors

Mitchell E. Nahra and John S. Bucchieri 3010

 113 Surgical Treatment of Nerve Tumors in the Distal Upper Extremity

Christopher L. Forthman and Philip E. Blazar 3022

 114 Treatment of Enchondroma, Bone Cyst, and Giant Cell Tumor of the Distal Upper Extremity

Edward A. Athanasian 3029

 PART 7 SHOULDER AND ELBOW

 SECTION I ANATOMY AND APPROACHES

 1 Anatomy of the Shoulder and Elbow

Joseph A. Abboud, Matthew L. Ramsey, and Gerald R. Williams 3042

 2 Surgical Approaches to the Shoulder and Elbow

Joseph A. Abboud, Matthew L. Ramsey, and Gerald R. Williams 3056

 SECTION II GLENOHUMERAL INSTABILITY

 3 Bankart Repair and Inferior Capsular Shift

Theodore A. Blaine, Andrew Green, and Louis U. Bigliani 3073

 4 Treatment of Recurrent Posterior Shoulder Instability

Jeffrey S. Noble, Daniel D. Noble, and Robert H. Bell 3085

 5 Latarjet Procedure for Instability With Bone Loss

John Lunn, Juan Castellanos-Rosas, and Gilles Walch 3100

 6 Glenoid Bone Graft for Instability With Bone Loss

Ryan W. Simovitch, Laurence D. Higgins, and Jon J. P. Warner 3107

 7 Management of Glenohumeral Instability With Humeral Bone Loss

Michael A. Rauh and Anthony Miniaci 3116

 SECTION III ROTATOR CUFF AND BICEPS

 8 Acromioplasty, Distal Clavicle Excision, and Posterosuperior Rotator Cuff Repair

Robert J. Neviaser and Andrew S. Neviaser 3124

 9 Subscapularis Repair, Coracoid Recession, and Biceps Tenodesis

Steven Milos and Allen Deutsch 3134

 10 Latissimus Transfer for Irreparable Posterosuperior Rotator Cuff Tear

Jesse A. McCarron, Michael J. Codsi, and Joseph P. Iannotti 3141

 11 Pectoralis Major Transfer for Irreparable Subscapularis Tears

Leeza M. Galatz 3152

 SECTION IV STERNOCLAVICULAR JOINT AND CLAVICLE FRACTURES

 12 Acute Repair and Reconstruction of Sternoclavicular Dislocation

Steven P. Kalandiak, Edwin E. Spencer, Jr., Michael A. Wirth, and Charles A. Rockwood 3159

 13 Medial Clavicle Excision and Sternoclavicular Joint Reconstruction

John E. Kuhn 3170

 14 Plate Fixation of Clavicle Fractures

David Ring and Jesse B. Jupiter 3177

 15 Intramedullary Fixation of Clavicle Fractures

Bradford S. Tucker, Carl Basamania, and Matthew D. Pepe 3181

 16 Percutaneous Pinning for Proximal Humerus Fractures

Leesa M. Galatz 3191

  17 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Proximal Humerus Fractures

Mark T. Dillon and David L. Glaser 3200

 18 Intramedullary Fixation of Proximal Humerus Fractures

J. Dean Cole 3209

 19 Hemiarthroplasty for Proximal Humerus Fractures

Kamal I. Bohsali, Michael A. Wirth, and Steven B. Lippitt 3217

 20 Plate Fixation of Humeral Shaft Fractures

Matthew J. Garberina and Charles L. Getz 3226

 21 Intramedullary Fixation of Humeral Shaft Fractures

Phillip Langer and Christopher T. Born 3234

 SECTION V HUMERAL AND SCAPULAR FRACTURES

 22 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Nonarticular Scapular Fractures

Brett D. Owens and Thomas P. Goss 3243

 23 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Intra-articular Scapular Fractures

Brett D. Owens, Joanna G. Branstetter, and Thomas P. Goss 3249

 SECTION VI GLENOHUMERAL ARTHRITIS

 24 Glenohumeral Arthrodesis

Brent B. Wiesel and Robin R. Richards 3256

 25 Hemiarthroplasty, Total Shoulder Arthroplasty, and Biologic Glenoid Resurfacing for Glenohumeral Arthritis With an Intact Rotator Cuff

Gerald R. Williams 3261

 26 Hemiarthroplasty and Total Shoulder Arthroplasty for Glenohumeral Arthritis with an Irreparable Rotator Cuff

Frederick A. Matsen III, Steven B. Lippitt, and Ryan T. Bicknell 3275

 27 Pectoralis Major Repair

Matthew D. Pepe, Bradford S. Tucker, and Carl Basamania 3288

 SECTION VII MUSCLE RUPTURES, SCAPULOTHORACIC ARTICULATION, AND NERVE PROBLEMS

 28 Snapping Scapula Syndrome

Jon J. P. Warner and Bassem Elhassan 3293

 29 Eden-Lange Procedure for Trapezius Palsy

Jonathan H. Lee and William N. Levine 3301

 30 Pectoralis Major Transfer for Long Thoracic Nerve Palsy

Raymond A. Klug, Bradford O. Parsons, and Evan L. Flatow 3308

 31 Scapulothoracic Arthrodesis

Shadley C. Schiffern and Sumant G. Krishnan 3316

 32 Suprascapular Nerve Decompression

Andreas H. Gomoll and Anthony A. Romeo 3323

 SECTION VIII ELBOW TRAUMA

 33 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Supracondylar and Intercondylar Fractures

Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo 3329

 34 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Capitellum and Capitellar–Trochlear Shear Fractures

Asif M. Ilyas and Jesse B. Jupiter 3337

 35 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Radial Head and Neck Fractures

Anshu Singh, George Frederick Hatch III, and John M. Itamura 3343

 36 Radial Head Replacement

Yishai Rosenblatt and Graham J. W. King 3352

 37 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Olecranon Fractures

David Ring 3362

 38 Management of Simple Elbow Dislocation

Bradford O. Parsons 3369

 39 Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Fracture-Dislocations of the Elbow With Complex Instability

Jubin B. Payandeh and Michael D. McKee 3377

 40 Monteggia Fractures in Adults

Matthew L. Ramsey 3385

 41 Lateral Collateral Ligament Reconstruction of the Elbow

Jason A. Stein and Anand M. Murthi 3392

 SECTION IX ELBOW STIFFNESS

 42 Ulnohumeral (Outerbridge-Kashiwagi) Arthroplasty

Filippos S. Giannoulis, Alexander H. Payatakes, and Dean G. Sotereanos 3400

 43 Lateral Columnar Release for Extracapsular Elbow Contracture

Leonid I. Katolik and Mark S. Cohen 3406

 44 Extrinsic Contracture Release: Medial Over-the-Top Approach

Pierre Mansat, Aymeric André, and Nicolas Bonnevialle 3413

 45 Total Elbow Arthroplasty for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Bryan J. Loeffler and Patrick M. Connor 3420

 46 Elbow Replacement for Acute Trauma

Srinath Kamineni 3433

 47 Management of Primary Degenerative Arthritis of the Elbow: Linkable Total Elbow Replacement

Bassem Elhassan, Matthew L. Ramsey, and Scott P. Steinmann 3444

 48 Surgical Management of Traumatic Conditions of the Elbow

Matthew L. Ramsey 3453

 49 Elbow Arthrodesis

Mark A. Mighell and Thomas J. Kovack 3462

 Volume Four

 PART 8 FOOT AND ANKLE

 SECTION I FOREFOOT

 1 Distal Chevron Osteotomy: Perspective 1

Hans-Joerg Trnka and Stefan G. Hofstaetter 3481

 2 Distal Chevron Osteotomy: Perspective 2

Paul Hamilton, Sam Singh, and Michael G. Wilson 3488

 3 Biplanar Distal Chevron Osteotomy

Caio Nery 3491

 4 Extending the Indications for the Distal Chevron Osteotomy

James L. Beskin 3501

 5 The Minimally Invasive Hallux Valgus Correction (SERI)

Sandro Giannini, Cesare Faldini, Francesca Vannini, Matteo Cadossi, and Deianira Luciani 3505

 6 Akin Osteotomy

Paul Hamilton and Sam Singh 3512

 7 Scarf Osteotomy

Paul Hamilton and Sam Singh 3515

 8 Proximal Crescentic Osteotomy

Roger A. Mann and Jeffrey A. Mann 3521

 9 Ludloff Osteotomy

Hans-Joerg Trnka and Stefan G. Hofstaetter 3529

 10 Mau Osteotomy

Jason P. Glover, Christopher F. Hyer, and Gregory C. Berlet 3536

 11 Proximal Chevron Osteotomy with Plate Fixation

Matthew J. DeOrio and James K. DeOrio 3545

 12 Closing Wedge Proximal Osteotomy

Sam Singh and Michael G. Wilson 3549

 13 Proximal Metatarsal Opening Wedge Osteotomy

Paul S. Shurnas, Mark E. Easley, Troy Watson, and Amy Sanders 3553

 14 Lapidus Procedure

Ian L. D. Le and Sigvard T. Hansen, Jr. 3559

 15 Revision Hallux Valgus Correction

J. Chris Coetzee, Patrick Ebeling, and Mark E. Easley 3564

 16 Metatarsal Lengthening in Revision Hallux Valgus Surgery

Jason M. Hurst and James A. Nunley II 3577

 17 Moberg Osteotomy

Ronald W. Smith and Thomas G. Harris 3585

 18 Dorsal Cheilectomy for Hallux Rigidus

Richard M. Marks 3592

 19 Dorsal Cheilectomy, Extensive Plantar Release, and Microfracture Technique

Hajo Thermann and Christoph Becher 3598

 20 Capsular Interpositional Arthroplasty

Andrew J. Elliott, Martin J. O’Malley, Timothy Charlton, and William G. Hamilton 3606

 21 Arthrosurface HemiCAP Resurfacing

Thomas P. San Giovanni 3612

 22 First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Hemiarthroplasty

Michael S. Aronow 3623

 23 First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis: Perspective 1

Michael M. Stephens and Ronan McKeown 3627

 24 First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis: Perspective 2

Bertil W. Smith and Michael J. Coughlin 3632

 25 First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis: Perspective 3

John T. Campbell and Kevin L. Kirk 3643

 26 Revision First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Arthrodesis

Michael M. Stephens and Ronan McKeown 3650

 27 Bone-Block Distraction of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint

Hans-Joerg Trnka and Stefan G. Hofstaetter 3656

 28 Surgical Management of Turf Toe Injuries

Christopher W. Nicholson and Robert B. Anderson 3665

 29 Internal Fixation of Sesamoid Fractures

Geert I. Pagenstert, Victor Valderrabano, and Beat Hintermann 3674

 30 Tibial Sesamoidectomy

Simon Lee, Johnny Lin, and George B. Holmes, Jr. 3681

 31 Flexor-to-Extensor Tendon Transfer for Flexible Hammer Toe Deformity

Emilio Wagner 3688

 32 Hammer Toe Corrections

Lloyd C. Briggs, Jr. 3696

 33 Weil Lesser Metatarsal Shortening Osteotomy

Stefan G. Hofstaetter and Hans-Joerg Trnka 3707

 34 Angular Deformity of the Lesser Toes

Adolph S. Flemister, Jr., and Brian D. Giordano 3714

 35 Surgical Correction of Bunionette Deformity

Johnny T. C. Lau, W. Bryce Henderson, and Gilbert Yee 3730

 36 Rheumatoid Forefoot Reconstruction

Thomas G. Padanilam 3736

 37 Morton’s Neuroma and Revision Morton’s Neuroma Excision

David R. Richardson 3743

 38 Uniportal Endoscopic Decompression of the Interdigital Nerve for Morton’s Neuroma

Steven L. Shapiro 3751

 SECTION II MIDFOOT

 39 Plantarflexion Opening Wedge Medial Cuneiform Osteotomy

Jeffrey E. Johnson 3755

 40 Tarsometatarsal Arthrodesis

Ian L. D. Le and Mark E. Easley 3761

 41 Midfoot Arthrodesis

Mark E. Easley 3766

 42 Percutaneous Midfoot Osteotomy With External Fixation

Bradley M. Lamm, Ahmed Thabet, John E. Herzenberg, and Dror Paley 3788

 43 Surgical Stabilization of Nonplantigrade Charcot Arthropathy of the Midfoot

Michael S. Pinzur 3794

 44 Axial Screw Technique for Midfoot Arthrodesis in Charcot Foot Deformities

Vincent James Sammarco and G. James Sammarco 3802

 45 Minimally Invasive Realignment Surgery of the Charcot Foot

Bradley M. Lamm and Dror Paley 3809

 SECTION III HINDFOOT

 46 Flexor Digitorum Longus Transfer and Medial Displacement Calcaneal Osteotomy

Gregory P. Guyton 3814

 47 Lateral Column Lengthening

Donald R. Bohay and John G. Anderson 3823

 48 Spring Ligament Reconstruction

Jonathan T. Deland 3832

 49 Calcaneonavicular Coalition Resection in the Adult Patient

Aaron T. Scott and H. Robert Tuten 3839

 50 Isolated Subtalar Arthrodesis

Aaron T. Scott and Robert S. Adelaar 3843

 51 Surgical Management of Calcaneal Malunions

Michael P. Clare and Roy W. Sanders 3849

 52 Calcaneal Osteotomy and Subtalar Arthrodesis for Calcaneal Malunions

Michael M. Romash 3859

 53 Traditional Triple Arthrodesis

Mark E. Easley 3868

 54 Single Incision Medial Approach for Triple Arthrodesis

Clifford L. Jeng 3879

 55 Comprehensive Correction of Cavovarus Foot Deformity

Michael Barnett, Arthur Manoli, Bruce J. Sangeorzan, Gregory C. Pomeroy, and Brian C. Toolan 3885

 56 Management of Equinocavovarus Foot Deformity

Wolfram Wenz and Thomas Dreher 3891

 57 Plantar Fascia Release in Combination With Proximal and Distal Tarsal Tunnel Release

John S. Gould and Benedict F. DiGiovanni 3911

 58 Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy

Steven L. Shapiro 3920

 59 Transection and Burial of Neuromas of the Foot and Ankle

Stuart D. Miller, Blake L. Ohlson, and Michael Scherb 3925

 60 Barrier Procedures for Adhesive Neuralgia

Stuart D. Miller and Venus R. Rivera 3933

 SECTION IV ANKLE

 61 Distraction Arthroplasty for Ankle Arthritis

Richard E. Gellman and Douglas N. Beaman 3941

 62 Supramalleolar Osteotomy with Internal Fixation: Perspective 1

Emmanouil D. Stamatis 3953

 63 Supramalleolar Osteotomy with Internal Fixation: Perspective 2

Yasuhito Tanaka 3961

 64 Supramalleolar Osteotomy with Internal Fixation: Perspective 3

Markus Knupp and Beat Hintermann 3967

 65 Supramalleolar Osteotomy with External Fixation: Perspective 1

Austin T. Fragomen and S. Robert Rozbruch 3976

 66 Supramalleolar Osteotomy with External Fixation: Perspective 2

Bradley M. Lamm, Shine John, John E. Herzenberg, and Dror Paley 3995

 67 Total Ankle Shell Allograft Reconstruction

Michael E. Brage and Keri A. Reese 4000

 68 The STAR (Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement) Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Mark E. Easley, James A. Nunley II, and James K. DeOrio 4007

 69 The HINTEGRA Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Beat Hintermann and Alexej Barg 4022

 70 The BOX Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Sandro Giannini, Matteo Romagnoli, Deianira Luciani, Fabio Catani, and Alberto Leardini 4032

 71 The Salto and Salto-Talaris Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Michel Bonnin, Brian Donley, Thierry Judet, and Jean-Alain Colombier 4042

 72 Mobility Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Pascal F. Rippstein, Mark E. Easley, and J. Chris Coetzee 4056

 73 InBone Total Ankle Arthroplasty

James K. DeOrio, Mark E. Easley, James A. Nunley II, and Mark A. Reiley 4072

 74 TNK Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Yasuhito Tanaka and Yoshinori Takakura 4085

 75 The Agility Total Ankle Arthroplasty

J. Chris Coetzee and Steven L. Haddad 4093

 76 Revision Agility Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Steven L. Haddad 4102

 77 Ankle Arthrodesis

Mark E. Easley 4123

 78 Transfibular Approach for Ankle Arthrodesis

Alex J. Kline and Dane K. Wukich 4140

 79 The Miniarthrotomy Technique for Ankle Arthrodesis

Emmanouil D. Stamatis 4146

 80 Arthroscopic Ankle Arthrodesis

James P. Tasto 4154

 81 Tibiotalocalcaneal Arthrodesis Using a Medullary Nail

George E. Quill, Jr., and Stuart D. Miller 4161

 82 Tibiotalocalcaneal Arthrodesis Using Lateral Blade Plate Fixation

Christopher P. Chiodo and Catherine E. Johnson 4173

 83 Tibiocalcaneal Arthrodesis Using Blade Plate Fixation

Richard Alvarez, Delan Gaines, and Mark E. Easley 4179

 84 Treatment of Bone Loss, Avascular Necrosis, and Infection of the Talus With Circular Tensioned Wire Fixators

James J. Hutson, Jr., Robert Rochman, and Oladapo Alade 4192

 85 Femoral Head Allograft for Large Talar Defects

Bryan D. Den Hartog 4203

 86 Posterior Blade Plate for Salvage of Failed Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Mark Ritter, Florian Nickisch, and Christopher W. DiGiovanni 4208

 SECTION V SPORTS-RELATED PROCEDURES FOR ANKLE AND HINDFOOT

 87 Arthroscopy of the Ankle

Jorge I. Acevedo and Peter Mangone 4216

 88 Microfracture for Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

Hajo Thermann and Christoph Becher 4222

 89 Posterior Ankle Impingement Syndrome

Javier Maquirriain 4229

 90 Posterior Ankle Arthroscopy and Hindfoot Endoscopy

C. Niek van Dijk and Tahir Ögüt 4234

 91 Endoscopic Treatment of Posterior Ankle Impingement Through a Posterior Approach

Phinit Phisitkul and Annunziato Amendola 4243

 92 Subtalar Arthroscopy

Carol Frey 4251

 93 Osteochondral Transfer for Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

Mark E. Easley and Justin Orr 4259

 94 Anterior Tibial Osteotomy for Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus

G. James Sammarco 4271

 95 Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus: Structural Allograft

Mark E. Easley, Samuel B. Adams, Jr., and James A. Nunley II 4274

 96 Autologous Chondrocyte Transplantation

Markus Walther 4288

 97 Chevron-Type Medial Malleolar Osteotomy

Bruce Cohen 4298

 98 Modified Brostrom and Brostrom-Evans Procedures

Paul J. Hecht, Justin S. Cummins, Mark E. Easley, and Dean C. Taylor 4301

 99 Anatomic Repair of Lateral Ankle Instability

Gregory C. Berlet, Geoffrey S. Landis, Christopher F. Hyer, and Terrence M. Philbin 4314

 100 Hamstring Autografting/Augmentation for Lateral Ankle Instability

Alastair Younger and Heather Barske 4322

 101 Lateral Ankle Ligament Reconstruction Using Allograft and Interference Screw Fixation

William C. McGarvey and Thomas O. Clanton 4331

 102 Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability

Markus Walther 4340

 103 Deltoid Ligament Reconstruction

Eric M. Bluman and Richard J. deAsla 4347

 104 Medial Ankle/Deltoid Ligament Reconstruction

Beat Hintermann and Victor Valderrabano 4354

 105 Open Achilles Tendon Repair

Sameh A. Labib 4367

 106 Limited Open Repair of Achilles Tendon Ruptures: Perspective 1

Mathieu Assal 4374

 107 Mini-Open Achilles Tendon Repair: Perspective 2

Mark E. Easley, Marc Merian-Genast, and Mathieu Assal 4380

 108 Percutaneous Achilles Tendon Repair: Perspective 1

Karen M. Sutton, Sandra L. Tomak, and Lamar L. Fleming 4387

 109 Percutaneous Achilles Tendon Repair: Perspective 2

Nicholas A. Ferran, Ansar Mahmood, and Nicola Maffulli 4393

 110 Chronic Achilles Tendon Ruptures Using V-Y Advancement and FHL Transfer

Steven M. Raikin 4398

 111 Chronic Achilles Tendon Ruptures Using Hamstring/Peroneal Tendons

Nicholas A. Ferran and Nicola Maffulli 4406

 112 Chronic Achilles Tendon Ruptures Using Allograft Reconstruction

Andrew P. Molloy and Mark S. Myerson 4412

 113 Soft Tissue Expansion in Revision/Complex Achilles Tendon Reconstruction

Jorge I. Acevedo 4417

 114 Retrocalcaneal Bursoscopy

Angus M. McBryde and Fred W. Ortmann 4419

 115 Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy

Mark E. Easley and Matthew J. DeOrio 4423

 116 Surgical Management of Calcific Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy Using a Lateral Approach

 Anthony Watson 4433

 117 Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Augmentation for the Treatment of Insertional Achilles Tendinosis

William C. McGarvey and Thomas O. Clanton 4437

 118 Open Management of Achilles Tendinopathy

Nicola Maffulli and Umile Giuseppe Longo 4443

 119 Flexor Hallucis Longus Transfer for Achilles Tendinosis

Bryan D. Den Hartog 4447

 120 Proximal Mini-Invasive Grafting of Plantaris Tendon

Geert I. Pagenstert and Beat Hintermann 4454

 121 Repair of Peroneal Tendon Tears

Brad Dresher and Brian Donley 4458

 122 Reconstruction of Chronic Peroneal Tendon Tears

Keith L. Wapner, Selene G. Parekh, and Wen Chao 4462

 123 Repair of Dislocating Peroneal Tendons: Perspective 1

Sheldon Lin, Karl Bergmann, Vikrant Azad, Virak Tan, Enyi Okereke, and Siddhant Mehta 4468

 124 Repair of Dislocating Peroneal Tendons: Perspective 2

Florian Nickisch, Scott B. Shawen, and Robert B. Anderson 4477

 125 Reconstruction of Tibialis Anterior Tendon Ruptures

James Santangelo and Mark E. Easley 4484

 126 Tendon Transfer for Foot Drop

Mark E. Easley and Aaron T. Scott 4488

 PART 9 SPINE

 SECTION I APPROACH TO THE SPINE

 1 Anterior Cervical Approaches

John Heflin and John M. Rhee 4507

 2 Posterior Cervical Approach

Raj Rao and Satyajit V. Marawar 4516

 3 Anterior Thoracic Approach

Morgan N. Chen, Sheeraz A. Qureshi, and Andrew C. Hecht 4523

 4 Anterior Lumbar Approach

P. Justin Tortolani, Samer Saiedy, and Ira L. Fedder 4530

 5 Posterior Thoracic and Lumbar Approaches

Thomas Stanley, Michael J. Lee, Mark Dumonski, and Kern Singh 4537

 SECTION II CERVICAL SPINE SURGERY

 6 Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion With and Without Instrumentation

John M. Rhee, Claude Jarrett, and Sam W. Wiesel 4543

 7 Anterior Cervical Corpectomy and Fusion With Instrumentation

Claude Jarrett and John M. Rhee 4554

 8 Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy

Jacob M. Buchowski, Ronald A. Lehman, Jr., and K. Daniel Riew 4562

 9 Cervical Laminoplasty: Open and French Door

S. Tim Yoon and James S. Kercher 4568

 10 Posterior Cervical Fusion With Instrumentation

Raj Rao and Satyajit V. Marawar 4576

 11 Occipitocervical and C1–2 Fusion and Instrumentation

Youjeong Kim, Maneesh Bawa, and John G. Heller 4586

 SECTION III THORACOLUMBAR SPINE SURGERY

 12 Lumbar Discectomy

Bradley K. Weiner and Aristidis Zibis 4595

 13 Lumbar Decompression

Bradley K. Weiner and Aristidis Zibis 4603

 14 Posterolateral Thoracolumbar Fusion With Instrumentation

Mark Dumonski, Thomas Stanley, Michael J. Lee, Bart Wojewnik, and Kern Singh 4609

 15 Transforaminal and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Mitchell F. Reiter and Saad B. Chaudhary 4616

 16 Anterior Thoracic Corpectomy

Sheeraz A. Qureshi, Morgan N. Chen, and Andrew C. Hecht 4628

 17 Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion, Disc Replacement, and Corpectomy

P. Justin Tortolani, Paul C. McAfee, and Matthew N. Scott-Young 4634

 18 Adult Scoliosis

Andrew P. White, James S. Harrop, and Todd J. Albert 4646

 19 Iliac Crest Bone Graft Harvesting

Michael J. Lee, Thomas Stanley, Mark Dumonski, Patrick Cahill, Daniel Park, and Kern Singh 4659

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